The ancient stoned hotel, about which we talked about last time, definitely leave people impressed at the level of knowledge those people had. If we look closer to the ancient civilizations, we will find that people were keen at not only constructions, but also other branches of arts, such as drawing. What surprises the most is that when there were neither pens nor paper, people still found the way to picture variety of moments of their lives! This was the very art of petroglyphs.
Cholpon Ata town of Issyk Kul region in Kyrgyzstan keep the big part of those stoned treasures at the open air museum. The stone paintings at the territory belong to the Bronze Age. These art galleries were first created by Andronic or Arian tribes (the middle II millennium – VIII century B.C.) and included about a thousand petroglyphs. The Saka tribes (VIII-III centuries B.C.) were this rock painting and made big contribution to the art as well. The Saka’s had the unique style of art, called Saka-Scythian. This style mainly included the paintings of animals or process of hunting.
Such interesting the petroglyph museum is. It gives much visual information about the lifestyle of ancient people, their daily lives and values. This make the rock paintings the treasure of society.
The Great Silk Road was incredibly long and taking a trip along it was exhausting. So here comes a question about how people spend nights in foreign countries, how did they relieve stress after long day on the way? Were there any hotels for travelers after all?
The hotels that we have now started existing back in those times and fortunately, some of them still remain in some places in the world. Ancient caravanserai Tash Rabat is one of those treasures that is hidden in Kyrgyzstan. Located in Naryn region of the country, Tash Rabat served as inn for tradespeople and travelers.
This Silk Road inn’s name literally means “Stone Door” because of the fact that it is made of limestone. Its walls reach over 20 meters in height. Tash Rabat was laid out as a maze of 30 rooms surrounding a large central domed room, the condition in which you’ll still find it today. It sits in the green folds of the area’s mountains as a majestic, commanding structure.
The original of Tash Rabat is shrouded in mystery. There’s debate as to which century it was actually built in. Most people believe it was first erected in the 15th century. One thing that people do agree on is that it was used as an inn for Silk Road travelers and caravans traveling from the Chuy and Fergana Valleys to Kashgar to protect them from the elements and marauders.
No wonder that everyone knows about the Great Silk Road.It is the route that actually was the first step to future business relationship and cultural experiences between countires of the world from the third century B.C. until the 16th century. We can definitely call The Great Silk Road as one of the most significant achievements in the history of World civilization.
The most significant part of the road passed through the territories of Central Asia, including Kyrgyzstan. The most ancient city of the country Osh (3000 years old) can be the witness to that experience of long way and its historical events by its still existing eastern bazaars, caravansarays and mausoleums.
Another important city in Kyrgyzstan’s Silk Road history is Ozgon. It was known as Yu in Silk Road times. In the 10th century, Karakhanid Dynasty brought Islam to the Kyrgyz nation and Ozgon was the capital of the empire in the region. Three mausoleums and a minaret are all left from those days as historical heritage.